Gingival surgery or periodontics is a dental specialty that diagnoses and prevents gum disease. A gingival surgeon or periodontist receives specialized training in gum disease and implants after completing a general dental course. One of the common gum diseases is gingivitis caused by dental plaque. Dental plaque accumulation and deposition of pathogenic bacteria have caused changes in the gingival structure around the tooth. Gum disease is gingivitis in its early stages, and in more severe gum infection, it is periodontitis. According to a periodontist in Oakville, gum disease patients suffer from bleeding gums, especially when brushing and eating, swelling and pain of the gums, bone resorption or loss around the teeth, gingival resorption, tooth sensitivity, and in more advanced stages, tooth loosening.
The gingivologist or gum specialist uses a range of non-surgical and surgical treatments to repair damaged tissue as much as possible and prevent the disease from progressing.
These patients should regularly visit a gingivologist for periodic scaling and gum health. Systemic diseases such as diabetes and smoking are other factors that contribute to the progression of periodontal disease. These people should also be under the regular supervision and care of a gingival surgeon.
When to see a gingivologist?
Unfortunately, many periodontitis patients are unaware of their illness in the early stages since they do not feel any pain and discomfort. So they seek treatment when many of their teeth are missing. This emphasizes the importance of gums periodic examination and the tissues’ health around the tooth by a gingivologist.
Plastic and cosmetic gum surgery
Another category of gingival surgeries is plastic and cosmetic gingival surgeries, which are performed on people who have gingival resorption or are very vulnerable to gingival resorption due to their small and thin gingival structure. Gingival resorption causes poor appearance, tooth sensitivity, decay on root surfaces, and difficulty brushing the area, and pain.
The gingivologist eliminates these injuries by performing gingival transplants and other surgeries by reconstructing and strengthening the gums and promotes teeth beauty and longevity.
Gum surgery and treatment of oral lesions caused by diseases
Other cases in which patients are referred to a gingivologist are treating oral lesions caused by diseases. Many systemic diseases cause problems in the mouth that may present as burning, swelling, scaling, sores, discoloration, etc., in the gums.
In these cases, it is very important to correctly diagnose and differentiate this disease from gingivitis caused by plaque, which is done by a gingivologist. Sampling and treating gingival lesions such as cysts and soft-tissue masses of the gums is one treatment for gingival surgery.
In patients who are candidates for dental veneers, in some cases, crown length surgery is required before the veneer applying.
This surgery is performed to make a more durable veneer and maintain gingival health and not cause pain and discomfort to the patient after applying the veneer.
In these people, the gingivologist, with his knowledge about gingival structure anatomy, makes the smile more beautiful by increasing teeth crown length. The persistence of this treatment and the gingival stiffness on both sides require careful and masterful treatment.